By 1 April 2011, all first-aid training materials must be changed to reflect the new protocols adopted by the Resuscitation Council. They must reflect the following changes in basic life support guidelines which have been made to reflect the importance placed on chest compression, particularly good quality compressions, and to attempt to reduce the number and duration of pauses in chest compression:
- When obtaining help, ask for an automated external defibrillator (AED), if one is available.
- Compress the chest to a depth of 5-6 cm and at a rate of 100-120 min-1.
- Give each rescue breath over1s rather than 2s.
- Do not stop to check the victim or discontinue CPR unless the victim starts to show signs of regaining consciousness, such as coughing, opening his eyes, speaking, or moving purposefully AND starts to breathe normally.
- Teach CPR to laypeople with an emphasis on chest compression, but include ventilation as the standard, particularly for those with a duty of care.
The full guidance can be found at: www.resus.org.uk/pages/bls.pdf